Peer-review is the system used to assess the quality of a manuscript before it is published. Independent researchers in the relevant research area assess submitted manuscripts for originality, validity and significance to help editors determine whether the manuscript should be published in their journal. You can read more about the peer-review process here.
Radiation Oncology operates a single-blind peer-review system, where the reviewers are aware of the names and affiliations of the authors, but the reviewer reports provided to authors are anonymous.
The benefit of single-blind peer review is that it is the traditional model of peer review that many reviewers are comfortable with, and it facilitates a dispassionate critique of a manuscript.
After an initial screening for general suitability by an appropriate Managing Editor or the Editor-in-Chief, submissions are sent to at least two experts in the field who are asked to evaluate whether the manuscript is scientifically sound and coherent and whether the manuscript should be accepted, rejected or revised. Final decisions are made by the Managing Editor or Editor-in-Chief based on the recommendations of Section Editors and reviewer reports. Where necessary, they will consult with members of the Editorial Board.