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Table 3 Details of TRUHs (n = 310)

From: Unplanned hospitalizations in patients with locoregionally advanced head and neck cancer treated with (chemo)radiotherapy with and without prophylactic percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

Reason for TRUH All patients
(n = 310)
pPEG
(n = 175)
nPEG or rPEG
(n = 135)
No (%) No (%) No (%)
TRUH1 (n = 88)
 Dermatitis/mucositis/oral infection 18 (20) 13 (23) 5 (16)
 Dysphagia/dehydration/malnutrition 15 (17) 7 (12) 8 (26)
 General condition 8 (9) 5 (9) 3 (10)
 Osteonecrosis/dental caries 8 (9) 5 (9) 3 (10)
 Other 11 (11) 7 (13) 4 (13)
 Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy 11 (14) 9 (16) 2 (6)
 Pneumonia/dyspnea 17 (19) 11 (19) 6 (19)
 Total 88 (28) 57 (33) 31 (23)
TRUH2 (n = 34)
 Dermatitis/mucositis/oral infection 3 (9) 3 (13) 0 (0)
 Dysphagia/dehydration/malnutrition 1 (3) 1 (4) 0 (0)
 General condition 4 (12) 2 (8) 2 (20)
 Osteonecrosis/dental caries 6 (18) 3 (13) 3 (30)
 Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy 3 (9) 0 (0) 1 (10)
 Pneumonia/dyspnea 14 (41) 11 (46) 3 (30)
 Other 3 (9) 4 (17) 1 (10)
 Total 34 (11) 24 (14) 10 (7)
All TRUHs (n = 122)
 Dermatitis/mucositis/oral infection 21 (17) 16 (20) 5 (12)
 Dysphagia/dehydration/malnutrition 16 (13) 8 (10) 8 (20)
 General condition 12 (10) 7 (9) 5 (12)
 Osteonecrosis/dental caries 14 (11) 8 (10) 6 (15)
 Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy 12 (12) 11 (14) 1 (10)
 Pneumonia/dyspnea 31 (25) 22 (27) 9 (22)
 Other 13 (11) 9 (11) 4 (10)
 Total number 122 (–) 81 (–) 41 (–)
  1. na not applicable, ns not significant, TRUH treatment-related unplanned hospitalization, TRUH1 first TRUH event, TRUH2 second TRUH event, nPEG no percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, pPEG prophylactic percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, rPEG reactive percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy