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Table 4 Lymphedema-associated subjective symptoms and coincidence with secondary arm lymphedema (BCRL)

From: Frequency and risk factors for arm lymphedema after multimodal breast-conserving treatment of nodal positive breast Cancer – a long-term observation

Symptom y/n Number of patients (%) Concomitant with lymphedema (%) Chi-squared test (p)
Chronic skin damage     <  0.001
  Yes 39 (19.5) 23 (59.0)  
No 153 (26.5) 42 (57.5)  
Fibrosis     <  0.001
  Yes 67 (33.5) 34 (50.7)  
No 127 (63.5) 33 (26.0)  
Pain     <  0.001
  Yes 77 (38.5) 43 (55.8)  
No 116 (58.0) 24 (20.7)  
Peripheral neurologic symptoms     <  0.001
  Yes 60 (30.0) 40 (66.7)  
No 132 (66.0) 28 (21.2)  
Impairment of shoulder/arm movement     <  0.001
  Yes 56 (28.0) 32 (57.1)  
No 137 (8.5) 34 (24.8)