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Table 3 Training effects of fatigue dimensions, quality of life and fat and lean mass at test intervals t1, t2 and t3

From: Progressive resistance training in cachectic head and neck cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy: a randomized controlled pilot feasibility trial

Variable Intervention
n = 10
Control
n = 10
P Value
(t1-t3)
Fatigue (4–20)
 General Fatigue pre 11.3 ± 3.7 10.1 ± 2.9 0.879
 General Fatigue post 12.3 ± 5.3 14.1 ± 3.5
 General Fatigue follow-up 11.8 ± 4.3 11.9 ± 4.6
 Physical Fatigue pre 12.0 ± 5.0 10.0 ± 2.9 0.478
 Physical Fatigue post 13.5 ± 4.5 13.8 ± 2.8
 Physical Fatigue follow-up 13.3 ± 5.0 11.8 ± 5.1
 Mental Fatigue pre 7.6 ± 4,9 8.3 ± 3.4 0.696
 Mental Fatigue post 9.6 ± 4.4 9.7 ± 4.0
 Mental Fatigue follow-up 8.3 ± 2.3 9.2 ± 2.3
 Reduced Activity pre 11.5 ± 5.0 11.4 ± 2.7 0.700
 Reduced Activity post 13.1 ± 4.8 14.8 ± 2.8
 Reduced Activity follow-up 12.4 ± 4.4 12.6 ± 4.2
 Reduced Motivation pre 8.6 ± 4.2 9.0 ± 3.9 0.437
 Reduced Motivation post 9.2 ± 4.1 9.9 ± 2.2
 Reduced Motivation follow-up 8.0 ± 2.5 10.3 ± 4.8
Quality of life in anorexia/cachexia (0–104)
 Quality of Life pre 80.1 ± 11.2 75.7 ± 18.8 0.891
 Quality of Life post 56.5 ± 18.4 53.4 ± 19.8
 Quality of Life follow-up 64.4 ± 18,4 59.5 ± 26.5
Bioelectrical Impedance analysis (kg)
 Fat mass pre 14.7 ± 8.6 16.4 ± 7.0 0.545
 Fat mass post 12.1 ± 7.0 12.9 ± 6.2
 Fat mass follow-up 10.2 ± 6.6 13.2 ± 5.3
 Lean mass pre 58.6 ± 4.9 54.4 ± 12.5 0.267
 Lean mass post 57.8 ± 8.9 53.5 ± 11.9
 Lean mass follow-up 59.1 ± 7.1 52.7 ± 12.1
  1. Variables: Fatigue Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (possible scoring 4–20), Quality of life in anorexia/cachexia Functional Assessment of Anorexia/Cachexia Therapy FAACT questionnaire (possible scoring 0–104), Bioelectrical Impedance analysis Body composition measurement (in kilogram); pre (t1): before radiotherapy, post (t2): after 7 weeks of radiotherapy and follow-up (t3): 8 weeks after radiotherapy represent the time at which the outcome was assessed. Analysis of variance for repeated measurements with the two factors Time and Group, p < 0.05