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Table 3 Surgical reconstruction of CRUCWs

From: Classification of chronic radiation-induced ulcers in the chest wall after surgery in breast cancers

Reconstruction CRUCWs(n = 64) Complications
  Mild (n = 11) Moderate(n = 45) Severe(n = 8)  
Conservation 9 one recurred, cured by LDM flap
Axial-pattern/local flaps
 TRAM 2 23 1 two distal partial flap necrosis, then cured by skin grafting
 LRAM 8
 LDM 6 two small area of focal necrosis, then cured by skin grafting
 CLB 3
 LTR 5
Filleted flap 7 one wound infection, delayed healing after secondary staged debridement
  1. Abbreviation: TRAM transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap, LRAM lonti-tudinal rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap, LDM latissimus dorsi musculo-cutaneous flap, CLB contralateral breast flap, LTR lateral thoracic rotation flap