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Table 1 Radiation therapy at the end of life: within six months or fourteen days of death

From: Radiation therapy at the end of life: a population-based study examining palliative treatment intensity

  All 6 Months 14 Days
  n n (%) p value n (%) p value
Total 39,619 19856 (50)   5723 (14)  
Sex 20,722   0.0183   <.0001
Female 10268 (50)   2834 (14)  
Male 18,897 9588 (51)   2889 (15)  
Race/ethnicity 30,904   <.0001   <.0001
Non-Hispanic White 15106 (49)   4279 (14)  
Non-Hispanic Black 4,791 2606 (54)   763 (16)  
Hispanic 2,250 1268 (56)   399 (18)  
Other 1,674 876 (52)   282 (17)  
Race/ethnicity 30,904   <.0001   <.0001
Non-Hispanic White 15106 (49)   4279 (14)  
All others 8,715 4750 (55)   1444 (17)  
Age at diagnosis 5,308   <.0001   <.0001
Age 65 - 69 3328 (63)   1071 (20)  
Age 70 - 74 6,154 3633 (59)   1065 (17)  
Age 75 - 79 7,367 4027 (55)   1160 (16)  
Age 80 - 84 8,599 4206 (49)   1138 (13)  
85+ 12,191 4662 (38)   1289 (11)  
Charlson index 17,075   0.2403   0.0835
0 8628 (51)   2558 (15)  
1 10,203 5048 (49)   1436 (14)  
2 or more 12,341 6180 (50)   1729 (14)  
Census region 17,246   <.0001   <.0001
West 8768 (51)   2597 (15)  
South 15,733 7666 (49)   2129 (14)  
North 4,082 2111 (52)   633 (16)  
East 2,558 1311 (51)   364 (14)  
Urban/rural 20,695   <.0001   <.0001
Urban 10908 (53)   3312 (16)  
Metro Urban 11,506 5666 (49)   1575 (14)  
Rural 7,410 3279 (44)   835 (11)  
Missing/unknown 8 3 (38)   1 (13)  
Median income 19,689   0.0053   0.0107
Above median (43 K) 10017 (51)   2925 (15)  
Below median (43 K) 19,686 9739 (49)   2772 (14)  
Missing/ unknown 244 100 (41)   26 (11)  
High school only 19,693   <.0001   <.0001
Above median (28%) 9664 (49)   2707 (14)  
Below median (28%) 19,694 10096 (51)   2992 (15)  
Missing/unknown 232 96 (41)   24 (10)  
Marital status 21,554   <.0001   <.0001
Unmarried 10199 (47)   2796 (13)  
Married 15,354 8357 (54)   2553 (17)  
Missing/unknown 2,711 1300 (48)   374 (14)  
Year of diagnosis 8,903   <.0001   <.0001
2004 4257 (48)   1207 (14)  
2005 8,092 4009 (50)   1156 (14)  
2006 7,312 3611 (49)   996 (14)  
2007 6,239 3258 (52)   971 (16)  
2008 5,194 2674 (51)   790 (15)  
2009 3,879 2047 (53)   603 (16)  
Cancer type 8,629   <.0001   <.0001
Breast 4641 (54)   1292 (15)  
Colorectal 21,469 10318 (48)   3039 (14)  
Prostate 9,521 4897 (51)   1392 (15)  
Stage 11,115   <.0001   <.0001
0-3 5907 (53)   1634 (15)  
4 28,504 13949 (49) <.0001 4089 (14) <.0001
Cause of death 30,293 15740 (52)   4508 (15)  
Cancer     
Non Cancer 9,326 4116 (44)   1215 (13)  
Time from diagnosis to death 17,006   <.0001   <.0001
0 days to 6 months 9323 (55)   3089 (18)  
6 months to 1 year 6,065 2910 (48)   719 (12)  
1 - 3 years 12,160 5623 (46)   1407 (12)  
More than 3 years 4,388 2000 (46)   508 (12)  
Prior radiation 13,303   <.0001   <.0001
No 6157 (46)   2036 (15)  
Yes 26,316 13699 (52)   3687 (14)  
Radiation Facility 19,763     
No radiation 0 (0)   0 (0)  
Hospital-based or Other 14,442 14442 (100)   4330 (30)  
Freestanding 5,414 5414 (100)   1393 (26)  
Surgery (last 6 months of life) 25,873   <.0001   <.0001
No 12681 (49)   3616 (14)  
Yes 13,746 7175 (52)   2107 (15)  
Chemotherapy 1,585   <.0001   <.0001
Last 14 days of life 1169 (74)   577 (36)  
Last 6 months of life, but not last 14 days 10,999 7076 (64)   1655 (15)  
None in last 6 months before death 4,203 1694 (40)   396 (9)  
Never 22,832 9917 (43)   3095 (14)