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Table 1 Characteristics of patients and tumors

From: Livin expression is an independent factor in rectal cancer patients with or without preoperative radiotherapy

Characteristics Non radiotherapy n (%) Radiotherapy n (%)
Gender   
  Male 44 (57) 42 (63)
  Female 33 (43) 25 (37)
Age (years)   
  ≤70 45 (58) 45 (67)
  >70 32 (42) 22 (33)
TNM stage   
  I 19 (25) 20 (30)
  II 19 (25) 22 (33)
  III 35 (45) 19 (28)
  IV 4 (5) 6 (9)
Differentiation   
  Good 60 (78) 49 (73)
  Poor 17 (22) 18 (27)
Number of malignancies   
  Single 65 (84) 55 (82)
  Multiple 10 (13) 12 (18)
  Unknown 2 (3) 0
Surgical type   
  Rectal amputation 42 (55) 24 (36)
  Anterior resection 35 (45) 43 (64)
Resection margin   
  Tumor free 73 (95) 63 (94)
  Tumor 4 (5) 4 (6)
Distance to anal verge (cm)   
  Mean 7.4 8.6