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Table 4 Patterns of failure according to tumor location

From: Patterns of failure in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer receiving pre-operative or post-operative chemoradiotherapy

Site of failure   Low-to-middle, n(%) Upper, n(%) P *
Type of recurrence LR alone 22 (11.3) 2 (8.0) 0.607
  LR with DM 33 (16.9) 2 (8.0)  
  DM alone 140 (71.8) 21 (84.0)  
  Total 195 (100) 25 (100)  
DM site Lung or PAN 117 (81.3) 12 (60.0) 0.041
  Liver 27 (18.7) 8 (40.0)  
  1. Abbreviations: LR = local recurrence; DM = distant metastasis; PAN = para-aortic lymph node.
  2. *Linear-by-linear association or chi-square test.