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Table 2 Categorization and themes of articles (n = 75)

From: Barriers to accessing radiation therapy in Canada: a systematic review

Category n (%) Barrier theme n (%) Reference
Health System Context 52 (69.3%) Distance to Treatment Centre 23 (30.7%) [10, 1738]
Wait Times 22 (29.3%) [68, 17, 18, 23, 28, 3953]
Treatment Centre Characteristics 17 (22.7%) [18, 33, 39, 41, 43, 46, 47, 5463]
Patient Sociodemographic Context 30 (40.0%) Race/Ethnicity 1 (1.3%) [9]
Socioeconomic Status 8 (10.7%) [20, 23, 27, 30, 33, 37, 62, 64]
Other 21 (28.0%) [6, 10, 25, 28, 31, 36, 39, 41, 43, 46, 51, 61, 6572]
Patient Factors 30 (40.0%) Age 26 (34.7%) [6, 8, 11, 12, 20, 2733, 35, 38, 50, 51, 66, 7178]
Cultural Beliefs 1 (1.3%) [9]
Beliefs re: Efficacy/ Burden of Treatment 1 (1.3%) [71]
Life Expectancy 2 (2.6%) [28, 30]
Other 1 (1.3%) [25]
Provider Factors 25 (33.3%) Lack of Referral 12 (16.0%) [10, 13, 14, 24, 30, 37, 50, 7781]
   Lack of Understanding/Awareness 16 (21.3%) [13, 14, 17, 19, 34, 39, 46, 50, 60, 64, 67, 68, 73, 75, 82, 83]